Bosch thus shows how man, irrespective of his social class or place of origin, is so possessed by the desire to enjoy and acquire material possessions that he allows himself to be deceived or seduced by the Devil. Thus the artist proposes that we should renounce earthly goods and the delights of the senses in order to avoid eternal damnation. The painting offers an exemplum of a different type to the ones commonly used at the time, in the sense that it is not a question of doing good but rather of avoiding evil and of adhering to this rule throughout life. In the closed triptych Bosch depicted the subject of the Pilgrimage of Life in full colour, rather than in grisaille or semi-grisaille as in the Rotterdam version of the subject. He shows a pedlar dressed in rags bent under the weight of his basket on his back and defending himself with his stick against a threatening dog. Despite his weak state, he has been able to fight off an attack of bandits and leave behind the pair of shepherds dancing to the bagpipe, which refers to lust. On the pilgrimage of his journey without destination, the direction of which is unknown to him, he has succeeded in avoiding the dangers of the road and knows that he must press on despite not knowing what may await him when he crosses the bridge. In the underdrawing Bosch depicted a cross behind the bridge which he eliminated in the final stage of execution, replacing it with a crucifix in a small altar located in the low tree beneath which a bagpipe-playing shepherd is seated, without anyone being aware of its presence. Every figure has its back to it and all of them have forgotten God, as in The Haywain.
POPLINE(POPulation information onLINE) is the world's largest database on reproductive health. It also covers fertility, demographics, environmental health, women in development, and HIV/AIDS. Abstracts are included, and many include free fulltext articles. Others are available in the library, or through Interlibrary Loan. 1e1e36bf2d