Tafsir Al-Qurtubi: A Classic Work of Qur'an Exegesis
Tafsir Al-Qurtubi is a 13th-century work of Qur'an exegesis (Arabic: tafsir) by the classical scholar Al-Qurtubi[^2^]. It is considered one of the best and most iconic tafsirs to date, and is regarded as one of the most compendious exegesis of them all[^2^]. The tafsir of Al-Qurtubi covers many aspects of the Qur'an, such as its linguistic, rhetorical, historical, legal, theological, and spiritual meanings. It also contains extensive discussions on the variant readings (qira'at), the occasions of revelation (asbab al-nuzul), the abrogated verses (naskh), and the opinions of the companions and the early generations (salaf) on the interpretation of the verses[^2^].
Tafsir Al-Qurtubi is composed of 20 volumes, each covering a group of surahs (chapters) of the Qur'an. The original work was written in Arabic, but it has been translated into several languages, including English, Urdu, Persian, Turkish, and Malay. However, not all translations are complete or accurate. For example, the English translation by Aisha Bewley only covers 12 volumes and omits some parts of the original work[^2^]. The Urdu translation by Maulana Abdul Qadir Siddiqui is also incomplete and contains some errors[^2^]. The Persian translation by Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i is more faithful to the original work, but it is still not widely available[^2^].
One of the most recent translations of Tafsir Al-Qurtubi is in Indonesian, by a team of scholars from various Islamic universities and institutions in Indonesia. The translation project was initiated by the Ministry of Religious Affairs of Indonesia in 2009 and completed in 2019. The Indonesian translation consists of 20 volumes and follows the original work closely. It also includes footnotes, appendices, indexes, and glossaries to help the readers understand the tafsir better. The Indonesian translation is available for free download in PDF format from various websites, such as Islamiques.net[^3^]. However, some users have reported that some links are broken or corrupted, so it is advisable to check the files before downloading them.
Tafsir Al-Qurtubi is a valuable source of knowledge and guidance for Muslims who want to learn more about the Qur'an and its meanings. It is also a masterpiece of Islamic scholarship that reflects the richness and diversity of the Islamic tradition. However, as with any human work, it is not free from errors or shortcomings. Therefore, readers should always compare it with other reliable sources and consult qualified scholars when in doubt.Some of the main features of Tafsir Al-Qurtubi are:
It is based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah (the teachings and practices of the Prophet Muhammad) as the primary sources of tafsir. It also relies on the consensus (ijma') and analogy (qiyas) of the scholars as secondary sources.
It is comprehensive and covers all aspects of the Qur'an, such as its language, style, structure, themes, messages, laws, stories, and wisdom. It also addresses various issues and questions that arise from the Qur'anic verses, such as theology, ethics, morality, history, science, and eschatology.
It is balanced and moderate in its approach and methodology. It does not favor any particular sect or school of thought over another, but rather presents the views and opinions of different scholars and groups with respect and fairness. It also avoids extremism and fanaticism in its interpretation and application of the Qur'an.
It is relevant and practical for the contemporary Muslim society. It does not confine itself to the historical context of the Qur'an, but rather relates it to the current situation and challenges of the Muslims. It also provides guidance and solutions for the problems and issues that Muslims face in their daily lives.
Tafsir Al-Qurtubi is a treasure of Islamic knowledge that deserves to be studied and appreciated by Muslims and non-Muslims alike. It is a source of enlightenment and inspiration for those who seek to understand the Qur'an and its teachings. It is also a testimony to the intellectual and spiritual legacy of Al-Qurtubi and his generation of scholars who devoted their lives to the service of Islam and humanity. 0efd9a6b88